In This Issue:
The Health Press – Zambia, Volume 05, Issue 1, ISSN: 2520-4378, March 2021

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Editorial

By : ML Mazaba

A snapshot of COVID-19 in Zambia one year since its first two cases were recorded

A snapshot of COVID-19 in Zambia one year since its first two cases were recorded Zambia recorded its first 2 cases of COVID-19 in March 2020 and a year into the pandemic had recorded a cumulative 85,889 cases and 1,175 deaths. Of the Deaths, 645 were COVID-19 deaths and the rest were associated with COVID-19 being a secondary co infection not attributed to the death. An average recovery rate of 94% was observed over the year


Abstract

Hygiene Behaviour Change in Response to COVID-19 in Zambia: A cross-sectional survey

By :Hamoonga R, Mbewe T, Chilala B, et al.

The success of Zambia’s COVID-19 response is premised on communities adhering to good hygiene practices. Specifically, communities have been urged to follow the five golden rules: 1) Wear your facemask correctly and consistently; 2) Maintain physical distance; 3) Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or use hand sanitizer; 4) Avoid crowded places and stay at home; and lastly let me stress the need to 5) Seek medical attention early if you are symptomatic However, mere provision of WASH facilities as part of this response is inadequate in ensuring adoption of sustainable preventive behaviours.


Abstract

Changes In HIV Differentiated Care Utilization During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Zambia

By: Joa Y, Phirid B, Rosena S, et al.

Policy summary information: Differentiated service delivery (DSD) models aim to lessen the burden of HIV treatment on patients and providers in part by reducing requirements for facility visits and extending dispensing intervals. With the COVID-19 pandemic, minimizing patient contact with healthcare facilities and other patients while maintaining treatment continuity and avoiding loss to care has become more urgent, resulting in efforts to expand DSD. In March 2020, the Zambian Ministry of Health urgently promoted 3 – and 6- month dispensing for patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART). We assessed the extent to which DSD coverage and ART dispensing intervals have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic in Zambia.


Abstract

Learning from Rapid Data to Inform Policy on COVID-19 in Zambia

By : Warren S,Parkerson D, Collins E, et al

Tracking how people’s lives are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic enables policymakers to assess the situation in their countries and make data-driven policy decisions. To respond to this need, Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) implemented the Research for Effective COVID-19 Responses (RECOVR) panel survey in Zambia to facilitate comparisons, document real-time trends of policy concern, and inform decisionmakers about the communities that are hardest-hit by the economic toll of the pandemic. IPA conducted the RECOVR survey from June 15-July 6, 2020 (Round 1) and November 28-December 21, 2020 (Round 2).


Abstract

Implementation and Evaluation of a Teleneurology Clinic Serving Vulnerable Populations in Zambia During the COVID-19 Pandemic

By: Asukile M, Chishimba L, Chomba M, et al

Telemedicine increased during the COVID19 pandemic as a safe and feasible alternative to in-person care but was limited to high-income settings.    Zambia has only eight neurologists and one crowded outpatient neurology clinic.  The suspension of this clinic during the peak of COVID19 resulted in the urgent need for an alternative, and so a telemedicine solution was implemented. Our aim was to evaluate patient and physician acceptance of and satisfaction with teleneurology visits for adults usually attending in-person visits at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) Neurology Clinic in Lusaka, Zambia.


Research Article

Progress towards eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the Macha area in Zambia from 2010-2018

By: Hamahuwa M, Chalwe V, Sutcliffe CG

A number of children that are living with HIV are infected through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), during pregnancy, at delivery, or through breastfeeding; which is often referred to as ‘parent-to-child transmission or vertical transmission(1). Transmission of HIV from the mother to the child can be significantly minimized if expecting mothers have access to PMTCT services during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding (2). Scaling up of antiretroviral therapy is said to be on a fast-track trajectory which has surpassed expectations (2) leading to a significant decrease in the number of infants that are becoming newly infected with HIV. A major challenge, nevertheless, still remains in the transmission of HIV from mothers to their infants.


More publications:

  • Learning from Rapid Data to Inform Policy on COVID-19 in Zambia.
    By : S Warren1 , D Parkerson1 , E Collins1 , T Billima-Mulenga1 1 Innovations for Poverty Action Download Pdf Tracking how people’s lives are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic enables policymakers to assess the situation in their countries and make data-driven policy decisions. To respond to this need, Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) implemented […]
  • Implementation and Evaluation of a Teleneurology Clinic Serving Vulnerable Populations in Zambia During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
    By : M Asukile1 , L Chishimba2 , M Chomba2 , M Mataa2 , F Mutete1 , N Mwendaweli1 , K Yumbe1 , S Zimba1 , D Saylor1,3 1 Department of Internal Medicine, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka Zambia, 2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia, 3 Department of Neurology, […]
  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT).
    By : M Hamahuwa1 ,V Chalwe1 , CG Sutcliffe2 1 University of Lusaka Ringgold standard institution – Public Health, Lusaka, Lusaka, Zambia 2 Johns Hopkins University Ringgold standard institution – Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health Baltimore, Maryland, United States Download Pdf Introduction A number of children that are living with HIV are […]
  • CHANGES IN HIV DIFFERENTIATED CARE UTILIZATION DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN ZAMBIA.
    By : Y Jo1 , B Phiri2 , S Rosena1 , A Huberb3 , Ma Mwansa4, M M Mwenechanya4, PL Mulenga4, H Shakwelele2 , P Haimbe2 , B E Nichols1 1 Boston University, Boston, MA, USA 2 Clinton Health Access Initiative, Lusaka, Zambia 3 Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School […]
  • Hygiene Behaviour Change in Response to COVID-19 in Zambia: A cross-sectional survey
    By :Hamoonga R1,4, Mbewe T2 , Chilala B3 , Muyangwa M3 , Chisanga P3 1. Zambia National Public Health Institute, Lusaka, Zambia 2. IntrePid, Lusaka, Zambia 3. WaterAid Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia 4. The Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia Download Pdf Introduction The success of Zambia’s COVID-19 response is premised on communities adhering to good hygiene […]