In This Issue:
The Health Press – Zambia, Volume 01, Issue 06, ISSN: 2520-4378, 08 July 2017 Download full Issue
Table of Contents
A snapshot on HIV/AIDS
by ML Mazaba
HIV/AIDS epidemic may have started in the mid-1970s, spreading across North & South America, Europe, Africa and Australia by the 1980s. Various interventions have been employed over the years to mitigate the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized the need for countries to live up to their commitment to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 considering the unacceptably high new infections and HIV-related deaths, more-so the two FastTrack the 90-90-90.
The advent of HIV self-testing in Zambia
by JC Mhlanga
Globally, an estimated 60% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) – infected individuals remains untested and unaware of their sero-status. Access to testing remains an issue in many regions and fear of stigmatization and discrimination continues to threaten acceptance of HIV testing services worldwide. The overall goal of the HIV Self-Testing Africa (STAR) Project was to improve access to HIV testing via a simple HIV self-testing (HIVST) procedure using OraQuick [STAR Project] device in high burden African Countries, Zambia being one such Country
Universal health coverage alliance towards equity in health services by 2030 as a means to achieve key sustainable development goals in Zambia
by J Mufunda, K Malama, A Mujajati, D Perisic, S Kagulula, A Mukobe
In December 2006 Zambia launched Vision 2030 to guide the development of the country into a prosperous middle-income country whose one of the key tenets is to ensure a Healthy and Productive population contributing to the socio-economic development of the nation. This aspiration assures that all people access quality health care. This pronouncement which in essence closely relates to Universal Health Coverage (UHC) was followed by Zambia’s government signing up for the International Health Partnership (IHP+) in 2007.
Clinical picture and correlates for sickle cell anaemia among Zambian children attending Arthur Davison Children’s Hospital Sickle Cell Disease clinic in Zambia
by Y Issa, JK Mwansa, G Mwikuma, S Siziya
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) leads to high rates of morbidity and eventually death in persons aged 20-29 years. The objective of the study was to establish the clinical picture and correlates for SCA among Zambian children attending Arthur Davison Children’s Hospital Sickle Cell Disease clinic in Zambia. All 320 records were reviewed. The proportion of patients with SCA attending a sickle cell disease clinic was 43.4%. Difficulty in breathing (64.5%), sore throat (64.5%), fever (62.9%), swollen/painful limbs/joints (46.8%), dizziness (35.5%) and jaundice (35.5%) were the most common signs and symptoms for SCA.