March 2017

In This Issue:


The Health Press – Zambia, Volume 01, Issue 03, ISSN: 2520-4378, 08 April 2017 Download full Issue

Table of Contents


EDITORIAL


Malaria elimination – where are we at?
by ML Mazaba

Malaria, a preventable and treatable parasitic infection caused by the Plasmodium parasite, and transmitted through a female Anopheles mosquito is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality [1]. Malaria remains endemic in up-to 91


PESPECTIVES


Let’s clear the smoke: Making bars and restaurants accountable for a smoke free Lusaka
by N Chizuni

Smoke-free laws protect non-smokers from unwanted second-hand smoke and resulting health effects. The Zambia smoke-free law was passed in 2008, but no enforcement was done. Over 50% of bars and restaurants have cigarette smoke levels way above the suggested guidelines. Making restaurants and bars


RESEARCH ARTICLES


Malaria incidence in Zambia, 2013 to 2015: Observations from the Health Management Information System
by AB Inambao, R Kumar, B Hamainza, M Makasa, CF Nielsen

Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Zambia, particularly in highly endemic areas and among pregnant women and children under 5 years. In 2014, 5.8 million cases were reported through the National Health Management Information System (HMIS). We seek to assess the current trends in malaria incidence, and assist policy makers in decision-making around malaria prevention and treatment priorities.

Challenges surrounding the response to road traffic accident emergencies at Ndola Teaching Hospital casualty department, Zambia
by J Kopolo, ML Mazaba, D Mulenga, S Siziya

Availability of appropriate and sufficient medical supplies is essential in saving Road Traffic Accident (RTA) victims. The objective of the study was to establish the challenges in attending to RTA victims that are faced at Ndola Teaching Hospital (NTH), Zambia. A cross sectional study was conducted in which a modified WHO standard for emergency preparedness of health facilities questionnaire was used to obtain

Medical prescription pitfalls of acute upper respiratory infections in government health care facilities in Zambia
by C Besa, S Siziya

Prescribing of medicines is one of the most important clinical task that is complex and consists of a mixture of sub-competences such as principles of clinical pharmacology, knowledge, skill, critical judgement among many others. Prescription errors, potentially serious and non-serious, have been reported in the United Kingdom hospitals among both junior and senior doctors. The aim of this study was to evaluate pitfalls in medical prescriptions of

Condom use at last sexual intercourse among female teenagers in Zambia: results from the Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, 2013-2014
by S Siziya, D Mulenga, ML Mazaba, EM Njunju, M Kwangu

Teenager pregnancy is high in Zambia and efforts to curb this vice, including condom use, have had little success. In order to design interventions to raise condom use prevalence, interventions should be designed based on scientific evidence. The objective of the study was to determine correlates for condom use at last sexual intercourse among female teenagers aged 15-19 years. The Zambia Demographic and Health Survey of 2013-2014 data were used in the study to